Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Zúñiga R.N., Skurtys O., Osorio F., Aguilera J.M. and Pedreschi F. (2012)

Physical properties of emulsion-based hydroxypropyl methylcellulose films: Effect of their microstructure. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2012.06.066

Revista : Carbohydrate Polymers
Volumen : 90
Número : 2
Páginas : 1147-1158
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


The initial characteristics of emulsions and the rearrangement of the oil droplets in the film matrix during film drying, which defines its microstructure, has an important role in the physicalproperties of the emulsion-basedfilms. The objective of this work was to study the effect of the microstructure (two droplet size distributions) and stability (with or without surfactant) of HPMC oil-in-water emulsions over physicalproperties of HPMC emulsion-based edible films. HPMC was used to prepare sunflower oil-in-water emulsions containing 0.3 or 1.0% (w/w) of oil with or without SDS, as surfactant, using an ultrasonic homogenizer. Microstructure, rheological properties and stability of emulsions (creaming) were measured. In addition, microstructure, coalescence of oil droplets, surface free energy, optical and mechanical properties and water vapor transfer of HPMC films were evaluated. Image analysis did not show differences among droplet size distributions of emulsions prepared at different oil contents; however, by using SDS the droplet size distributions were shifted to lower values. Volume mean diameters were 3.79 and 3.77 μm for emulsions containing 0.3 and 1.0% without surfactant, respectively, and 2.72 and 2.71 μm for emulsions with SDS. Emulsions formulated with 1.0% of oil presented higher stability, with almost no change during 5 and 3 days of storage, for emulsions with and without SDS, respectively. Internal and surface microstructure of emulsion-basedfilms was influenced by the degree of coalescence and creaming of the oil droplets. No effect of microstructure over the surface free energy of films was found. The incorporation of oil impaired the optical properties of films due to light scattering of light. Addition of oil and SDS decreased the stress at break of the emulsion-basedfilms. The replace of HPMC by oil and SDS produce a lower “amount” of network structure in the films, leading to a weakening of their structure. The oil content and SDS addition had an effect over the microstructure and physicalproperties of HPMC-basedemulsions which lead to different microstructures during film formation. The way that oil droplets were structured into the film had an enormous influence over the physicalproperties of HPMC films.