Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Galvez V., de la Fuente R., Meneses C., Leiva L., Fagalde G., Herskovic V., Fuentes R., Munoz-Gama J., Sepúlveda M. (2020)

Process-Oriented Instrument and Taxonomy for Teaching Surgical Procedures in Medical Training.

Revista : International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volumen : 17
Número : 11
Páginas : 3849
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


Procedural training is relevant for physicians who perform surgical procedures. In the medical education field, instructors who teach surgical procedures need to understand how their students are learning to give them feedback and assess them objectively. The sequence of steps of surgical procedures is an aspect rarely considered in medical education, and state-of-the-art tools for giving feedback and assessing students do not focus on this perspective. Process Mining can help to include this perspective in this field since it has recently been used successfully in some applications. However, these previous developments are more centred on students than on instructors. This paper presents the use of Process Mining to fill this gap, generating a taxonomy of activities and a process-oriented instrument. We evaluated both tools with instructors who teach central venous catheter insertion. The results show that the instructors found both tools useful to provide objective feedback and objective assessment. We concluded that the instructors understood the information provided by the instrument since it provides helpful information to understand students’ performance regarding the sequence of steps followed.