Simulation-assisted approach for determining wear-limited tool life in the coining processRevista : International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Volumen : 111
Páginas : 2243-2257
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación
Efficiency of coin manufacturing is often limited by the service life of the stamping dies, whose degradation by wear resultsin decreasing the quality of the produced coin engraving. The aim of this work is to explore the ability of the combinedapplication of experimental characterization and numerical simulation of the material elastoplastic forming response, frictioneffects, and die material wear rate as a tool to contribute to the coin design in order to ultimately increase the number ofcoins that can be die forged before the use of a worn die compromises the desired quality of the final product. The followingaspects have been particularly addressed in this study. First, the influence of two design parameters related with the qualityof the coins, i.e., die displacement and depth of engraving, is quantified determining that the die displacement is the mostpreponderant since the stamping force needed in this process is higher compared with that obtained by varying the depthof engraving. In addition, it is found that the curvature of the coin relief determines the local stress distribution, in somecases even at the opposite die, resulting in a heterogeneous wear evolution. A complementary wear test reveals that, for theinvolved range of curvatures, the wear mechanism may shift from dominated by plowing/cutting to dominated by fatigue. It is concluded that the numerical simulation allows considering efficiency of the coining process already at the stage of the aesthetic design of a coin.