Synthesis of palladium nanoparticles over graphite oxide and carbon nanotubes by reduction in ethylene glycol and their catalytic performance on the chemoselective hydrogenation of para-chloronitrobenzeneRevista : Applied Catalysis A-General
Volumen : 513
Páginas : 89-97
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación
Pd nanoparticles have been synthesized over carbon nanotubes (CNT) and graphite oxide (GO) by reduction with ethylene glycol and by conventional impregnation method. The catalysts were tested on the chemoselective hydrogenation of p-chloronitrobenzene and the effect of the synthesis method and surface chemistry on their catalytic performance was evaluated. The catalysts were characterized by N2 adsorption/desorption isotherms at 77 K, TEM, powder X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetry, infrared and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and ICP-OES. It was observed that the synthesis of Pd nanoparticles employing ethylene glycol resulted in metallic palladium particles of smaller size compared to those prepared by the impregnation method and similar for both supports. The presence of oxygen groups on the support surface favored the activity and diminished the selectivity. It seems that ethylene glycol reacted with the surface groups of GO, this favoring the selectivity. The activity was higher over the CNT-based catalysts and both catalysts prepared by reduction in ethylene glycol were quite stable upon recycling.