Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Aránguiz R., González G., González J., Catalán P.A., Cienfuegos R., Yagui Y., Okuwaki R., Urra L., Contreras K., del Río I. and Rojas C. (2016)

The 16 September 2015 Chile Tsunami from the Post-Tsunami Survey and Numerical Modeling Perspectives

Revista : Pure and Applied Geophysics
Volumen : 173
Número : 2
Páginas : 333-348
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


On September 16, 2015 a magnitude Mw 8.3 earthquake took place off the coast of the Coquimbo Region, Chile. Three tsunami survey teams covered approximately 700 km of the Pacific coast. The teams surveyed the area, recording 83 tsunami flow depth and runup measurements. The maximum runup was found to be 10.8 m at only one small bay, in front of the inferred tsunami source area. However, it was observed that runup in other locations rarely exceed 6 m. Tsunami runup was larger than those of the 2014 Pisagua event, despite the similar earthquake magnitude. Moreover, tsunami arrival times were found to be shorter than those of previous tsunamis along the Chilean subduction zone. Numerical simulations of the tsunami event showed a good agreement with field data, highlighting that tsunami arrival time and the spatial variation of the tsunami amplitudes were strongly influenced by the bathymetry, coastal morphology and the slip distribution of the causative earthquake.