The fluid-driven tectonic swarm of Aysen Fjord, Chile (2007) associated with two earthquakes (Mw=6.1 and Mw=6.2) within the Liquiñe-Ofqui Fault Zone. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2010.05.008Revista : Continental Shelf Research
Volumen : 31
Número : 3-4
Páginas : 154-161
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación
A seismic swarm of more than 7200 earthquakes occurred in Aysen Fjord, southern Chile, from January to June2007.It started suddenly on 23 January 2007 with an earthquake of magnitude Mw 5.3, followed by five earthquakes with magnitudes increasing from Mw5.2 to 6.2 within three months. Two large earthquakes of magnitudes Mw6.1 and 6.2 occurred on 02 and 21 April 2007, respectively. The latest earthquake generated landslides that induced a tsunami within the fjord, killing 10 people.This swarm has been examined using international seismic catalogues and seismicity located with a local seismic network; in particular its double tectonic and volcanic origin has been explored. All the focal mechanisms are compatible with the long-and short-term tectonics of the Liquiñe-Ofqui Fault Zone, a major intra arc fault system of the Patagonian fjordland. The space, time, and size distributions of these earthquakes, that occurred within an active volcanic area revealed by the presence of several Holocene monogenetic volcanoes, may be explained both by fluid-induced (magma and/or hydrothermal fluids) activity combined with tectonic activity. The co-existence of these two tectonic and volcanic phenomena is a good example of retroactive links between fluids and tectonic fractures.