Understanding performance change of the water industry: how do size and patterns of output mix associate with efficiency?Revista : Urban Water Journal
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación
The water and sewerage industry in England and Wales had undergone several reforms since its privatization. To evaluate to what extent they had impacted on the performance of water companies, an input distance function and its derived cost share equations was estimated. This allowed measuring technical efficiency, economies of scale and cost complementarities between water and sewerage services over the period 19912016. The results indicate that an average water and sewerage company (WaSC) reported a technical efficiency score of 0.731 which means that its inputs could be reduced by 26.9% over time. It is also shown that an average WaSC operated under decreasing economies of scale. Cost complementarities between water and sewerage connected properties were found. This implies that WaSCs could benefit from remaining integrated, i.e. providing both water and sewerage services.