Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Calahorra-Jimenez M., Torres-Machi C., Chamorro A., Alarcón L.F. (2021)

Importance of Noncost Criteria Weighing in Best-Value Design–Build US Highway Projects

Revista : Journal of Management in Engineering
Volumen : 37
Número : 4
Páginas : 12
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


United States highway agencies use best-value procurement with a fixed price to select design builders. This method enablespublic agencies to choose the best proposer by assessing several factors in addition to price. Theoretically, considering cost and noncostfactors in the selection enhances the probability of selecting the proposer that provides the best value for each dollar spent. However, biddingresults from the last 15 years show that 80% of best-value procurements are awarded the proposer with the lowest bid. The selection seemsthus to be biased toward price. This research explores the balance between cost and noncost components in best-value procurement byidentifying how weights and scores influence the selection. This analysis aims to determine the ranges of weights that better balance costand noncost factors in the weighted-criteria best-value procurement. This study characterized a first-of-a-kind data set of 882 noncost scoresand 1,158 cost scores from 347 best-value highway projects. The study applied simulation to the weighted-criteria award algorithm to explorethe balance between cost and noncost factors and derive recommendations about making noncost factors more influential. The results showthat a weight of cost higher or equal to 57% will result in the lowest price selection. Highway agencies should be aware of how weightsand scores impact the best-value selection to align these elements with their selection objectives. DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)ME.1943-5479.0000912. © 2021 American Society of Civil Engineers