Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Rojas M., Bernales G., Dongil A.B., Pecchi G., Escalona N. (2022)

Reduced alkaline earth metal (Ca, Sr) substituted LaCoO3 catalysts for succinic acid conversion

Revista : New Journal of Chemistry
Volumen : 46
Número : 44
Páginas : 21181-21189
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación


The effect of partial substitution of La by Ca and Sr in the catalytic activity of lanthanum cobaltite (LaCoO3) was studied. Two series of La1?xCaxCoO3 and La1?xSrxCoO3 (x = 0, 0.2, and 0.4) reduced perovskites were prepared, characterized and evaluated in the succinic acid conversion at 200 °C and 6 MPa. The characterization results showed a larger Ca substitution in the La1?xCaxCoO3 series, whereas carbonates as segregated phases up to x = 0.2 of Sr were obtained in the La1?xSrxCoO3 series. In the Sr substituted perovskites, the oxidation of Co3+ to Co4+ neutralizes the electronic instability, whereas in the Ca substituted perovskites the presence of Ca2+ generates oxygen vacancies. The succinic acid conversion forms mainly succinic anhydride and 2-hydroxy-tetrahydrofuran by dehydration and hydrogenation processes. The highest initial rate of the reduced LaCoO3 was attributed to the smallest Co crystal size with no segregated phases, compared to substituted catalysts.