Tectonics, magmatism and paleo-fluid distribution in a strike-slip setting: Insights from the northern termination of the LiquiñeOfqui fault System, ChileRevista : Tectonophysics
Volumen : 680
Páginas : 192-210
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación
This study addresses the interplay between strain/stress fields and paleo-fluid migration in the Southern AndeanVolcanic Zone (SVZ). The SVZ coexists with the margin-parallel LiquiñeOfqui Fault System(LOFS) and with NW striking Andean Transverse Faults (ATF). To tackle the role of different fault-fracture systems on deformation distribution and magma/fluid transport, we map the nature, geometry and kinematics of faults, veins and dikes atvarious scales. Fault-slip data analysis yields stress and strain fields from the full study area data base (regional scale) and fault zones representative of each fault system (local scale). Regional scale strain analysis shows kinematically heterogeneous faulting. Local strain analyses indicate homogeneous deformation with NE-trending shortening and NW-trending extension at NNE-striking LiquiñeOfqui master fault zones. Strain axes are clockwise rotated at second order fault zones, with ENE-trending shortening and NNW-trending stretching. The ATF record polyphasic deformation. Conversely, stress field analysis at regional scale indicates a strike-slip dominatedtranspressional regimewith N64°E-trending σ1 and N30°W-trending σ3. Deformation is further partitioned withinthe arc through NNE-striking dextral-reverse faults, NE-striking dextral-normal faults and NW-strikingsinistral-reverse faults with normal slip activation. The regional tectonic regime controls the geometry of NEstrikingdikes and volcanic centers. NE-striking faults record local stress axes that are clockwise rotated with respectto the regional stress field. NNE- and NE-striking faults are favorably oriented for reactivation under the regionalstress field and show poorly-developed damage zones. Conversely,NW-striking fault systems, misorientedunder the regional stress field, show multiple fault cores, wider damage zones and dense vein networks.Deformation driven by oblique subduction is partially partitioned into strike-slip and shortening components.The trench-parallel component is mostly accommodated by NS-striking right-lateral faults of the LOFS. Trench perpendicular shortening is accommodated by sinistral-reverse ATF and dextral-reverse NNE-striking faults.We conclude that the SVZ records a deformation history coeval with magma/fluid migration.