Tectono-metallogenetic evolution of the FeCu deposit of Dominga, northern ChileRevista : Mineralium Deposita
Volumen : 52
Número : 4
Páginas : 595-620
Tipo de publicación : ISI Ir a publicación
The Dominga district in northern Chile (2082 Mt at 23.3 % Fe, 0.07 % Cu) shows a spatial and genetic affinityamong distinctive structural elements and occurrence of FeCu-rich paragenetic mineral assemblages. Deep seated, NE to- E striking structural elements form a right-lateral duplex-like structural system (early structural system, ESS) that cuts a regionally extensive alteration (stage I) zone. The EES system served as a locus and as path for the emplacement of biotitemagnetite alteration/mineralization (stage IIa) as veins and Fe bearing layers following altered volcano sedimentary strata. NW-striking actinolitemagnetite hydrothermal breccias, coeval with and part of the ESS, include apatite (stage IIb) crystallized at 127 ± 15 Ma (UPb, 2σ). The ESS was also the locus of subsequent alteration/mineralization represented by K-feldspar, epidote, and albite (stage IIIa) and FeCu-rich (vermiculiteanhydritechalcopyrite, stage IIIb) mineral associations. Shallowly developed, NNE-striking, left-lateral structural elements defining the El Tofo Structural System (ETSS)probably part of the Atacama Fault Systemclearlycrosscut the ESS. Minerals associated with alteration/mineralization stage IIIb also occur as veins and as part ofhydrothermal breccias of the ETSS, marking the transitionfrom the ESS to ETSS. Molybdenite associated withalteration/mineralization stage IIIb yielded a ReOs age of127.1 ± 0.7 Ma (2σ). Both the ESS and ETSS were cut byleft-lateral, NW- to E-striking shallowly developed structuralelements (Intermediate Structural System, ISS) on which ahematitecalcite assemblage (stage IV) occurs mostly as infill material of veins and fault veins. The ISS is cut by N-striking, left-lateral, and shallowly developed structural elements (Late Structural System, LSS) showing no evidence of alteration/ mineralization. Estimated strain and stress fields indicate an overall NW-trending shortening/compression and NE-trending stretching/tension strike-slip regime probably due to oblique subduction during the Mesozoic. However, the orientations of the stress and strain fields calculated for each structural system suggest a back-and-forth rotation pattern of these fields during transition from one structural system to the other as they change between transtension and transpression and between alteration/mineralization stages.